An electric switchboard is a device that directs strength from one or more resources of deliver to several smaller regions of utilization. It is an assembly of one or more panels, each of which contains switches that permit power to be redirected.
The U.S. National Electrical Code (NEC) defines a switchboard as “a large unmarried panel, frame, or assembly of panels on which are hooked up, at the face, back, or each, switches, over-modern and different defensive devices, buses, and usually gadgets”. The role of a switchboard is to permit the department of the modern-day supplied to the switchboard into smaller currents for similarly distribution and to offer switching, current protection and (probably) metering for those various currents. In widespread, switchboards may additionally distribute power to transformers, panelboards, manipulate system, and, in the end, to person system masses.
Inside a switchboard there will be one or extra busbars. These are flat strips of copper or aluminum, to which the switchgear is connected. Busbars carry massive currents thru the switchboard, and are supported via insulators. Bare busbars are commonplace, however many sorts are actually manufactured with an insulating cowl at the bars, leaving handiest connection factors uncovered.
The operator is covered from electrocution through safety switches and fuses. There will also be controls for the supply of strength to the switchboard, coming from a generator or bank of electrical mills, specifically frequency manipulate of AC power and cargo sharing controls, plus gauges showing frequency and perhaps a synchroscope. The quantity of strength going right into a switchboard need to usually same to the strength going out to the hundreds.
Modern industrial switchboards are metal enclosed and of “lifeless the front” production; no energized parts are available when the covers and panels are closed. Previously, open switchboards were made with switches and other devices were installed on panels product of slate, granite, or ebony asbestos board. The steel enclosure of the switchboard is bonded to earth floor for safety of employees. Large switchboards may be free-standing ground-installed enclosures with provision for incoming connections at either the top or backside of the enclosure. A switchboard might also have incoming bus bars or bus duct for the supply connection, and also for huge circuits fed from the board. A switchboard may consist of a metering or manage compartment separated from the electricity distribution conductors.