Waste Management



References and further reading


Altin S et al. (2003). Determination of hospital waste composition and disposal methods: a case study.


Journal of Environmental Studies

, 12(2):251–255.

Awad AR, Obeidat M, Al-Shareef M (2005). Mathematical-statistical models of generated hazardous hospital solid


Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A

, 39(2):313–327.

Chih-Shan L, Fu-Tien J (1993). Physical and chemical composition of hospital waste.

Infection Control and Hospital


, 14(3):145–150.

Christen J (1996).

Dar es Salaam Urban Health Project. Health care waste management in district health facilities:

situational analysis and system development

. St Gallen, Switzerland, Swiss Centre for Development Cooperation

in Technology and Management.

DEAT (Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism) (2006).

National Waste Management Strategy

implementation South Africa: projections for health care risk waste generation

. DEAT Report Number 12/9/6.

Republic of South Africa, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.


Safe management of wastes from health-care activities

Diaz LF et al. (2008). Characteristics of health care waste.


, 28(7):1219–1226.

Emmanuel J (2007).

Survey of health care waste characteristics and generation data from different countries

. New

York, United Nations Development Programme Global Environment Facility Global Demonstration Project on

Health Care Waste.

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